Our textbook; Downloads and web site
Importance of a notebook
Quizzes, tests, and papers; oral reports; online outlines
Why Western Civilization?
The End of the Roman Empire--476 and 1453 AD
France and an era of RevolutionsA tour of Europe in 1494
England the strongest; united for 400 years; a real Parliament
France only really united in 1494 by marriage of Charles VIII and Anne of Brittany
Spain, only united in 1470's by Ferdinand and Isabella; Granada and the Moors 1492; Columbus in 1493; Consequences
Italy only a geographical expression: Normans conquered south 1040-80; the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (Spain, France); Papal States in center; North a battleground between France, Austria, and Spain.
Germany: The Holy Roman Empire 500 years old; The 7 electors: Cologne, Trèves, and Mainz, Bohemia, Palatinate, Saxony, and Brandenburg. Since 1436 the emperor an Austrian--a.e.i.o.u--Maximilian I marries Mary of Burgundy, their son Philip marries Joana of Spain.
Feudalism replaced by nationalism, religion by patriotism.