Syllabus for HIST 1102

Spring 2016


“HIST 1102 examines Europe and its global impact from the sixteenth century to the present. It includes revolutionary movements, the evolution of mass democracy, and the world wars of the twentieth century. 3 credits” We will be examining the development of the West through a series of cultural, political, and social revolutions—Renaissance; Reformation; Dutch, English, French, and American Revolutions; and two catastrophic world wars.

Required text: Donald Kagan, Steven Ozment, and Frank M. Turner, The Western Heritage, 11th ed., vol. 2

Extra readings are available on my Web Site: http://www.lygdamus.com and are required. When you get to my page, click on the UNH link, which will bring you to the current week's assignment. Files to be downloaded are highlighted as links. They are in Adobe PDF format. Click on them once, and they should open in your browser--if you have Adobe's free Acrobat Reader installed. If you don't, go back to my home page and click on the Adobe logo to get it. Again, it's free! If you hold down on your right mouse button, a menu will pop up giving you the option of downloading the file to your hard disk. That way you can keep a copy for future reference or even print it out. After assignments have been removed from the weekly calendar, the blue colored links to the extra readings can still be found on the on-line version of this document (which is kept up-to-date). Its link can be found just below the assignments themselves.

Course Requirements: 2 exams (25% each); 3 papers (10% each); objective quizzes on each reading assignment (20% total)

Course Objectives: This is very much a journey of self discovery since the culture of Europe is one of the major influences in American culture—even though it is far from the only influence. The American Revolution did not spring up solely in American soil. Even those who fought it saw it as a part of English history, and we are going to look at it that way too. The majority languages spoken in America are all European languages. How did they get here? Our law is still fundamentally English law. What does that mean for our own understanding of justice? How did European literature effect the way we think? All of these questions will be addressed in the course.

Student Learning Outcomes:

  • Improving note taking skills. History is a lot more than facts, but interpretations have to be based on data. Students are encouraged to take reading notes since summaries on one’s own words are the best way to study for exams. To encourage this, most classes will start with a brief, objective quiz on that day’s reading assignment. These quizzes (though not the tests!) are open-notebook so that taking good reading notes will provide an immediate reward. To facilitate taking class notes, an outline of the day’s discussion will be posted online before each lecture.
  • Improving writing skills. The mid-term and final exam will both be in essay format. The reports (two written and at least one oral) are designed to help students think out historical problems and to put them into meaningful words. Essay questions will not be designed to be tricky, but rather to give students the opportunity to discuss and analyze the information they have absorbed.
  • . Improving class participation. Every student will give at least one oral report—and more if time allows. Even though this is fundamentally a lecture course, class participation is encouraged on a daily basis; the oral reports are designed to make students feel more comfortable about talking in class.
  • Expectations and Policies:

  • Students are expected to read daily assignments in the textbook and documents posted online. Daily assignments are not designed to be long, but they pile up quickly if put off. Daily preparation not only makes the work manageable, it also makes class participation possible. Lectures make far more sense and notes are much easier to take if the student comes into the classroom prepared with a good understanding of the material. The daily quizzes are designed to encourage this preparation, and the oral reports are intended to make the student feel more at ease talking in class.
  • Papers are expected on time. They will be penalized one grade for each day late.
  • Improvement and effort really count. Every grade matters, but no bad grade is necessarily fatal. Consistent effort and especially improvement will always be reflected in the final grade.
  • And please note that the Center for Learning Resources is available to help you to develop your note taking skills, to prepare for tests, to write reports—and more! Don’t hesitate to use this wonderful resource.

    NOTE that assignments are to be prepared for the session date on which they are listed.


    1. Jan. 20. Introduction: The State of the World in the 16th Century.

    2. Jan. 25. The Renaissance and its Complications.

    Download Wells' political summary, and selections from Machiavelli and Lorenzo Valla, and Roger Ascham's description of Charles V.

    3. Jan. 27. The Reformation.

    Download Wells' summary, and selections from Sixtus IV's Bull on Indulgences, Luther's 95 Theses, and Luther's pamphlet "Against the Murdering and Robbing Bands of the Peasants."

    4. Jan. Feb. 1. The Counter Reformation.

    Download Wells' summaries of the Counter Reformation and the Dutch Revolt, and selections from Loyola's Spiritual Exercises and his Obedience of the Jesuits.

    5. Feb. 3. The French Wars of Religon and Henry of Navarre.

    Download Queen Margot's account of the Massacre of St. Bartholomew and selections from the Edict of Nantes.

    6. Feb. 8. The Tudors and Spain.

    Download Documents on Henry VIII's Act of Supremacy, Account from Hall's Chronicle of the execution of Thomas More, Queen Mary's instructions in the execution of a Protestant bishop, Queen Elizabeth's Armada speech, and John Hawkins' account of the Spanish Armada.

    7. Feb. 15. The 30 Years' War and Cardinal Richelieu.

    Download Wells' political , and Documents: Clauses 15, 16, and 17 from the Peace of Augsburg, and a contemporary account of the destruction of Magdeburg.

    Hand in a paper of about 500 words on the following topic: "What caused the Massacre of St. Bartholomew?"

    8. Feb. 17. The English Civil War. In Kagan, The Western Heritage vol 2 read pp. 388 from "Constitutional Crisis and Settlement in Stuart England" up to but not including "Charles II and the Restoration of the Monarchy" on p. 392 along with the document on p. 393.

    Download James I's speech on the divine right of kings.

    9. Feb. 22. Cromwell and the Glorious Revolution. In Kagan read pp. 392-395 (up to "Rise of Absolute Monarchy in France...").

    Download Duke of Monmouth playing cards and selections from The Bill of Rights.

    10. Feb. 24. Louis XV: Regency and Careless Reign. In Kagan read pp. 403-406 (up to "Central and Eastern Europe").

    Download the Duc de Choiseul's description of Louis and of his censorship of the mail.

    11. Feb. 24. Sweden, Russia, and Prussia. In Kagan read pp. 409-415.

    Download Von Korb's description of the Streltsy Revolt and General Gordon's description of Peter the Great.

    12. Feb. 29. The Scientific Revolution. In Kagan read pp. 418-423 (up to "Philosophy Responds to Changing Science").

    Download documents by Newton and Galileo and chart demonstrating the acceleration of the moon.

    13. March 2. First Test on Sections 1-12.

    14. March 7. Wars of the Polish and Austrian Successions. In Kagan read p. 497 "Mid-Eighteenth-Century Wars" to p. 499 "The Diplomatic Revolution."

    15. March 9. Frederick the Great and the 7 Years' War. In Kagan read pp. 499 ("The Diplomatic Revolution") to p. 507.

    Download exchange of letters between Frederick and his father Frederick William I, and selections from Samuel Johnson's "Taxation No Tyranny."

    16. March 21. Enlightenment and the Enlightened Partition of Poland. In Kagan read "The Philosophes" pp. 515-523 and 539-547.

    Download selections from Rousseau's Émile and Thomas Paine's The Age of Reason.

    17. March 23. The French Revolution to Varennes. In Kagan read pp. 550-567.

    18. March 28. The Reign of Terror. In Kagan read pp. 567 ("The End of Monarchy") to p. 582.

    19. March 30. Napoleon. In Kagan read pp. 584-598.

    Download Napoleon's Proclamation to the Egyptians, Napoleon's speech at the Cathedral of Milan, and Napoleon's letter to his brother Jérôme, King of Westphalia.

    20. April 4. The Congress of Vienna and the 100 Days. In Kagan read pp. 599-601.

    Download Talleyrand's letter to Louis XVIII.

    21. April 6. Bourbons Again and the Year of Revolutions. In Kagan read pp. 631-638 (up to "The Great Reform Bill in Britain") and pp. 666-671 (up to "The Hapsburg Empire") and pp. 674 "The German Confederation" to p. 676.

    Download selections from Karl Marx's The 18th Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte.

    Hand in a paper of about 500 words on the topic: "If you were Louis XVI, how would you prevent the French Revolution?"

    22. April 20. The Fifth Marx Brother. In Kagan read pp. 662-664 (up to "Marxism"). In Marx for Beginners read pp. 66-79 on Dialectical Materialism, pp. 94-107 on Surplus Value, and pp. 124-142 on Historical Materialism.

    Download The 10 Points from The Communist Manifesto.

    23. April 13. German Unification and the Franco-Prussian War. In Kagan read pp. 696-700 (up to "France from Liberal Empire to the Third Republic").

    Download from Bismarck's Memoirs his account of the Ems Telegraph and his letter to his wife describing the surrender of Napoleon III at Sedan.

    24. April 18. The Paris Commune and The Third Republic. In Kagan read pp. 700-703 (up to "Unrest of Nationalities").

    Download Declaration by the Central Committee of the National Guard and Resignation Letter of Louis-Nathaniel Rossel, War Delegate of the Commune.

    25. April 20. The First World War. In Kagan read pp. 827-846 and pp. 351-859 (up to "World War I and Colonial Empires").

    26. April 25. The Russian Revolution. In Kagan read pp. 847-851 (up to "The End of World War I") and p. 869 (from "The Soviet Experiment") to 876 (up to "The Fascist Experiment in Italy").

    Download from Trotsky's Autobiography "The Train."

    27. April 27. The Rise of Fascism. In Kagan read pp. 876 ("The Fascist Experiment in Italy") to 889 and pp. 898-907 (up to "World War II").

    Download selection from Hitler's Mein Kampf.

    28. May 2. World War II. In Kagan read pp 907-924 (up to "The Domestic Fronts").

    Exams is scheduled for Monday May 9 from 3:30 to 5:30.