Minoans and Myceneans

The myth of the Minotaur

Sir Arthur Evans, gem stones, and Linear A

Early, Middle, and Late Minoan (and Helladic)

6100 BC Neolithic settlements

2500 BC Early Minoan begins with arrival of bronze-bearing people from Asia Minor

2000 BC Middle Minoan palaces built

1600 earthquake

characteristics of Late Minoan palaces

Linear A and the numerical system

Description of Minoan society

Description of the great palace at Knossos

bulls: Mallia, bull vessel from the Little Palace, bull baiting fresco

The double ax

The snake goddess

Styles of dress for men and women

women, priestesses, and the snake goddess

Trading posts in the Cyclades (Thera); trade with the Middle Kingdom

Palaces destroyed in Crete in 1450; only Knossos rebuilt. What happened?

Evans' theory of a sea empire; lack of evidence

Spyridon Marinatos' theory of the destruction of Thera; details and probabilities:

Ash cloud spread ESE; level of ash beneath destroyed palaces

tidal wave only about 8-10 meters high

Tree rings and ice cores date eruption to about 1630!

Pottery sequences

Evidence for Mycenean influence in Late Minoan II

militaristic frescoes

Mycenean type tholos tombs

Development of Linear B

Final destruction in 1400 BC.

Could Theseus be a rival Mycenean?

The Trojan Myth

Heinrich Schliemann and the excavations of Troy and Mycenae

Origin of the Greek people

The shaft graves at Mycenae

The Town of Mycenae; Mycenean trade

The Trojan War

Troy VI

Troy VIIa and the traditional date of the destruction: 1184 B.C.

Written evidence for the life of the Myceneans

The Iliad and the Odyssey.

The Hittite tablets

The Linear B tablets

tax records

Gods in the tablets; titles; bureaucracy

the common people

Luxury goods

The destruction of Mycenae

Hints from the Pylos tablets

The Dorian invasions

Did the Dorian invasions really happen?