The myth of the Minotaur
Sir Arthur Evans, gem stones, and Linear A
Early, Middle, and Late Minoan (and Helladic)
6100 BC Neolithic settlements
2500 BC Early Minoan begins with arrival of bronze-bearing people from Asia Minor
2000 BC Middle Minoan palaces built
characteristics of Late Minoan palaces
Linear A and the numerical system
Description of Minoan society
Description of the great palace at Knossos
bulls: Mallia, bull vessel from the Little Palace, bull baiting fresco
The double ax
The snake goddess
Styles of dress for men and women
women, priestesses, and the snake goddess
Trading posts in the Cyclades (Thera); trade with the Middle Kingdom
Palaces destroyed in Crete in 1450; only Knossos rebuilt. What happened?
Evans' theory of a sea empire; lack of evidence
Spyridon Marinatos' theory of the destruction of Thera; details and probabilities:
Ash cloud spread ESE; level of ash beneath destroyed palaces
tidal wave only about 8-10 meters high
Tree rings and ice cores date eruption to about 1630!
Evidence for Mycenean influence in Late Minoan II
Mycenean type tholos tombs
Development of Linear B
Final destruction in 1400 BC.
Could Theseus be a rival Mycenean?
The Trojan Myth
Heinrich Schliemann and the excavations of Troy and Mycenae
Origin of the Greek people
The shaft graves at Mycenae
The Town of Mycenae; Mycenean trade
The Trojan War
Troy VIIa and the traditional date of the destruction: 1184 B.C.
Written evidence for the life of the Myceneans
The Iliad and the Odyssey.
The Hittite tablets
The Linear B tablets
Gods in the tablets; titles; bureaucracy
the common people
The destruction of Mycenae
Hints from the Pylos tablets
The Dorian invasions
Did the Dorian invasions really happen?