The reforms and strange appearance of Amenhotep IV or Akhnaton and his wife Nefertiti
The 3 layers of Egyptian religion
1. Sun worship--Re, Aton, and the dung beetle (scarab)
2. Amon, later the patron god of Thebes
3. Osiris, King of the Dead
"Solarization" in Egyptian religion; Amon-Ra
The origin of monotheism in Egypt
The myth of Osiris
Akhnaton as rock star
The cult of the dead
Herodotus: How to Make a Mummy
Motives for Akhnaton's reforms: The power of the Amon priests.
Troubles in Akhetaten: Fall of Nefertiti; Rise and Fall of Smenkhkare
Losses in the empire
Letter of Abdu-Heba
King Tut: from Tutankhaton to Tutankhamon
Fall of the 18th dynasty: Harmhab
Ramses I and the 19th dynasty; Ramses II
The victory of the priests of Amon.
The Assyrians and the fall of Nineveh in 612 B.C.
Nebuchadnezzar and the Babylonian Captivity
The Medes and the Persians
The Hittites and Indo-Europeans