England to Magna Carta

The real king Arthur.

St. Patrick and Irish Christianity; Augustine arrives in England 597; the seat of Canterbury.

Alfred the Great of Wessex

The Danelaw

Alfred and the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle [the heptarchy]

Shires ruled by earls; hundreds ruled by thegns. The Shire-reeve

Anglo Saxon courts: doomsmen and trial by compurgation, wager of battle, and trial by ordeal.

The council of the kings or Witan

Ethelred "The Unready" pays off the Danes with Danegeld, but is forced to flee England in 1013 for Normandy. Edmund, his son, succeeds, but is replaced by Canute in 1016. Canute marries Emma, Ethelred's widow. Ethelred's son Edward the Confessor comes next to the throne.

Death of Edward in 1066; struggle between William, Duke of Normandy, and Harold Godwine.

The Battle of Hastings

The Salisbury Oaths sworn to William

Witan turned into the Great Council

Domesday Book

William's son Henry I and itinerant judges

Shield Money and the Exchequer

Henry's daughter Mathilda and the Plantagenet dynasty

Henry and Eleanor of Aquitaine; Henry's acquisitions in France

Henry and the Common Law

The two types of jury

Henry II and Thomas à Becket

Richard I

King John's fight with Philip Augustus

John, Pope Innocent III, and Stephen Langton

Magna Carta in 1215

Henry III and Simon de Montfort

Edward I and the Model Parliament; knights and burgesses; The House of Lords and the House of Commons


Origins of feudalism: [Diocletian], Vikings

vassals, fief, feudal [subinfeudation and concept of liege lord]

obligations of lords and vassals

aid (military and ransom), counsel, monetary aid (upkeep of lord in progress, relief, gift upon marriage of lord's eldest daughter or knighting of his eldest son), fealty

pages and squires

homage and knighting