Early Rome

The Romans and Greek myth.

The Etruscans, the Latins, and the Romans

Etruscan influence at Rome: fascis, lictors, and gladiators.

Roman names

3 tribes and 30 curiae, the Comitia Curiata, the king, the Senate (patres ); patricians and plebeians

Lucius Tarquinius Superbus, Lucretia, Sextus Tarquin, Collatinus Tarquin, Lucius Junius Brutus

Lucius Tarquinius Collatinus and Lucius Junius Brutus, the first consuls.

The consuls and the dictator.

Cincinnatus, The censors and Cato the Elder

The Senate

The four assemblies: The Concilium Plebis, the Comitia Tributa, the Comitia Centuriata, and the Comitia Curiata

How the Comitia Centuriata voted: 18 centuries of Knights, 70 centuries of 1st Class infantry, etc. The Proletarii.

The 31 rural tribes and 4 urban tribes of the Comitia Tributa; plebiscita

The strike of 493 and creation of the tribunes

The struggle of the orders (plebeians and patricians): The Law of the 12 Tablets (449).

The Lex Canuleia

Gaius Licinius Stolo and Lucius Sextius propose their reforms:

1. Reduce debts by interest paid

2. Redistribute ager publicus in 500 iugera plots

3. One consul must be plebeian

366 BC: government shutdown ends with compromise: Sextius first plebeian consul, but praetorship and curule aedileship created.

The 6 (later 8) praetors

The work of the 2 plebeian aediles (elected by the Concilium Plebis) and the 2 curule aediles (elected by the Comitia Tributa)

286 BC: The Lex Hortensia

180 BC: The cursus honorum; end of the struggle between the orders

30 years old candidate could stand before tribal assembly for one of 8 quaestorships

While waiting, he could run for the aedileships or the tribuneship

39 years old, run for one of the 8 praetorships in Comitia Centuriata

43 years old, run for one of the 2 consulships in Comitia Centuriata

The nature of Roman elections