The Renaissnce

The meaning of "Renaissance"

The development of banking

Bills of Exchange

Venice: Golden Book, Great Council, doge, the Venetian Empire (Remember Zara from the 4th Crusade!)


The Medici: Founder the banker Cosimo de Medici; his grandson Lorenzo the Magnificent (1469-1492).


Milan. The Visconti family and Francesco Sforza
His son Ludovico "Il Moro" and the French question

Alexander VI, the "Borgia Pope." His children Cesere and Lucretia

Pope Julius II of the della Rovere family

Sack of Rome by soldiers of Charles V in 1527: traditional date for end of the Renaissance

Pico della Mirandola's Oration on the Dignity of Man

Nicolo Machiavelli's The Prince.