Review for First Test


textbook pp. 5-13. The Sumerians: The Sumerian King List, The Epic of Gilgamesh and Sumerian "democracy," the Akkadians, and Sargon the Great.

The Babylonians and King Hammurabi. Don't forget the downlaod "Hammurabi's Code," and especially the section on the rights of women. Lex talionis, the law of "an eye for an eye."

textbook pp. 13-20. Egypt's Old, Middle and New Kingdoms: Manetho, Menes, the Narmer palette, the 3 great pyramids of Khufu, Chephren, and Menkure, the Hyksos and the fall of the Middle Kingdom.

textbook pp. 20-21. Egyptian religion (don't forget the myth of Osiris, Isis, and Set!) and the reforms of Akhnaton (including Nefertiti, the Aten [see download "Hymn to the Aten"], and King Tutankhamon).

textbook pp. 33-35. The Minoans: don't forget Sir Arthur Evans, the myth of Theseus, the Minotaur, Minos Pasiphaë, and Ariadne--along with its interpretation by Spyridon Marinatos (cf. Thera and the download from Plato's Timaeus about the myth of Atlantis).

textbook pp. 35-37: The Myceneans, Linear B, and the Dorian Invasions. See also textbook pp. 38-40 on Homer, the Iliad and the Odyssey.

textbook pp. 44-45. The government of Sparta and the reforms of Lycurgus.: phratries, the Gerousia.

textbook pp. 45-49. The government of Athens: archons, Ekklesia, Areopagus Council, and the political reforms of Solon (p. 55) and Cleisthenes (56-57). Don't forget the tyrant Pisistratos and the overthrow of his sons Hippias and Hipparchus by Harmodius and Aristogeiton 47-48).

textbook pp. 53-59. the Persian Wars: from the download, pay special attention to the Battle of Marathon (Miltiades, Pheidippides) and note also Thermopylae (King Leonidas) and Salamis (King Xerxes and Themistocles).

textbook pp. 61-67 and 73-74: The Peloponnesian War: The Delian League, Cimon, Themistocles, Ephialtes, Pericles, the historian Thucydides, Cleon, Nicias (and the Peace of Nicias), Alcibiades, the Sicilian Expedition, and Lysander. Look over your papers! Pay attention to Thucydides' "Melian Dialogue" from the Web Site and look over its arguments. Don't forget Pericles' strategy for winning the war.

textbook pp. 84-89 on Alexander the Great: Philip II, Olympias, Ptolemy, and the League of Corinth. Also the successor states set up by Ptolemy, Seleucus, and Antigonas.